by: GreatSchools Staff
Your child has a better chance of succeeding in college if she masters school survival skills now. Here's how you can help her get organized and learn to study effectively.
“Be sure to study for the test on Friday,” one of your child’s teachers is certain to say someday soon.
Does your child know how?
While many teachers spend some class time teaching study skills, students often need more guidance than they get in the classroom. In middle school, there’s more homework, it becomes more difficult and it requires analytical skills your child may not have developed yet.
The study skills your child needs to do well on her test on Friday are the same ones she will need to succeed in high school and college: getting organized, taking good notes and studying effectively.
As your child moves toward independence, she’s less likely to ask for your advice. She will need to go through some trial and error to come up with the strategies most compatible with her learning style. And you’ll want to encourage her to take responsibility for her own school work. You can help her by monitoring homework, asking questions and helping her evaluate what works for her — and what doesn’t.
Helping your child get organized
Getting organized is crucial for your child, says Linda Winburn, a veteran South Carolina middle school teacher who became the state’s 2005 Teacher of the Year. “And the key is parent involvement.”
Some tips to help your child get organized:
Provide a place to study.
It doesn’t have to be a desk, says Winburn. “A kitchen counter is a great place, especially if mom’s in the kitchen cooking.”
The desk or table surface should be big enough so that your student can spread out papers and books. Make sure essential supplies such as pens, paper and calculator are close by. Have good lighting and a sturdy chair that’s the right height available.
Help your child develop a system to keep track of important papers.
If your child tends to forget to turn in homework or can’t quite keep track of how he’s doing in a class, it might help to get him a binder with a folder in the front for completed work ready to be turned in and a folder in the back for papers returned by the teacher.
“For me, staying organized meant creating a system — any system — and sticking to it,” says Gabriela Kipnis, now a student at the University of Pennsylvania. “I had fun color-coding, organizing and using dividers, but the truth is, all that mattered was that there was a method that I stuck with.”
Make sure your child has — and uses — a planner to keep track of assignments.
Help your child get in the habit of writing down each daily assignment in each subject and checking it off when it’s complete. Some schools provide these to students, and if not, you might want to work with your PTA or parent organization to provide planners at your school.
Encourage your child to estimate how long each assignment will take.
He can then plan a realistic schedule, building in study breaks after subjects that are most challenging, and allowing for soccer games and band practice. Helping your child keep track of time spent studying — rather than staring at a blank page — will help him think about how he’s using his time. If he’s spending too much time on a subject that might be a signal that he needs extra help or tutoring.
Help your child break big projects into smaller ones.
A big research project will seem less overwhelming and will be less likely to be left until the last minute if it’s done in manageable chunks, each with its own deadline.
“Did you do your homework?”
Parents need to ask more questions than this one, teachers advise. How much should you help with homework? Monitor homework but remember it’s your child’s homework, not yours. You can help by asking questions that help guide your child to his own solutions. Some examples:
- What information do you need to do this assignment?
- Where are you going to look for it?
- Where do you think you should begin?
- What do you need to do next?
- Can you describe how you’re going to solve this problem?
- qHow did you solve this problem?
- What did you try that didn’t work?
- Why does this answer seem right to you?
- Tell me more about this part?
Studying for tests
Studying for tests is a skill. For struggling students, it’s a mystery.
“Unsuccessful test takers don’t know where the questions come from,” says Jim Burke, a California high school English teacher and the author of a number of books about teaching and learning. “The kids who don’t succeed tend to think the others are lucky.”
Parents can help their children manage their time and attention — which means turning off the cell phone, the TV and the iPod, says Burke.
Some tips to remember in helping your child:
Rereading isn’t the same as learning.
“Reviewing alone is not enough," says Kipnis, the UPenn student, reflecting on what she has learned along the way. “Thinking of potential essay questions and outlining them or working out the challenging math problems helps me learn how to apply the material so that I do not blank when I see the questions on the test.”
“For math and sciences, a big problem that I had was that I would spend a lot of time reviewing the concepts, but I wouldn’t learn them because I was not practicing applying the concepts,” she says. “I was the most productive when I created sheets with tons of practice problems and just practiced applying the concept in many different ways.”
There are other ways your student can practice this kind of active learning – highlighting his notes, using Post-its to mark key textbook passages, making study cards, and mapping and diagramming concepts.
People are productive at different times of day.
Some people focus better in the morning, others at night. Help your child find the times that his efforts will be most effective.
Sometimes we just have to memorize.
You may have used a mnemonic like Roy G. Biv to remember the colors of the rainbow (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet) or My Very Educated Mother Just Sent Us Nine Pizzas to remember the correct order of the planets, back when Pluto was still considered the ninth one. Inventing your own silly mnemonic together works just as well and can lighten up a study session.
Help your child make the most of her time.
If she carries a review sheet or book along with her, sitting in the doctor’s waiting room or waiting out a traffic jam can be productive study time. That leaves more time for a basketball game after school.
Make sure your child knows the basics.
Find out the skills students at your child’s grade level are expected to have. Middle school students are generally expected to have learned basic multiplication and division facts, for example. If your child can’t quickly recall them, it is likely to hurt her scores on math tests.
Look for other sources of support.
Find out the best way to reach your child’s teachers and keep that contact information handy all year. Is there a college student in your neighborhood who can help with math, a relative who can tutor him in Spanish? Talk to your child about finding a “study buddy” or group. Study groups can be effective because students can fill in the gaps in each other’s knowledge and test their understanding of the material by explaining it to others.
Reflect on what works.
Some questions you can ask your child: How do you know when you’ve studied enough? How did you keep yourself focused? How much time did you plan to spend and how much did you actually spend? How would you do this differently next time?
Help your child de-stress.
Good study skills can help reduce anxiety, and so can relaxation exercises and regular physical activity. If your child seems unusually anxious about tests, talk to him about it. If the work seems too difficult for your child or the workload too great, contact the school.
“Have a conversation with the teacher,” says Winburn, the South Carolina teacher. “Maybe the child doesn’t need to be doing 100 problems to practice a concept. Maybe 10 is just fine.”
GreatSchools Staff. "Study skills for middle school and beyond". GreatSchools, n.d. Web. 22 Feb. 2016. < https://www.greatschools.org/gk/articles/study-skills-for-middle-school-and-beyond/ >.
September can be an exciting, yet tiring month for both students and parents. Not only are children entering the new school year, but the days of soccer practice, ballet recitals and piano lessons are beginning to pick up again. Creating a balance between children’s and parents’ schedules can be a daunting process; however, if done correctly, it can also be extremely efficient. Below are simple tips that will help alleviate the stress of busy day-to-day schedules.
Combine activities when possible.
After a full day of school, there is often a short break in the day before extracurricular activities begin. With siblings who may be doing two different sports or activities, try to manage the drop off and pick up without any overlapping of the schedule. Also, talk with the individuals in charge, providing an understanding of your situation if there is an overlap that may cause your child to be late at times.
Ask for help and provide assistance
Children tend to make friends both in school and during activities. This gives parents a chance to work together with other parents to simplify after-school activities. Communicate with them to set up schedules for alternating drop-offs and pick-ups. This will give both parents a break regularly.
Try to work ahead.
For students that may have school projects or even for something as simple as making lunches, utilize any extra time you have to plan ahead. Have students complete work in a timely manner so they do not end up rushing at the end. For student lunches, prep snacks for the week so it takes less time to prepare daily. Baggies of fruit, pretzels, vegetables, etc. can be stored in the refrigerator; this also allows students to essentially pack their own lunches in the morning.
No more late nights.
During the summer, bedtime gets more flexible, especially with vacations. Now that school has started, have students complete all homework with a small snack right when they arrive home. Then, they will have the rest of the night for dinner and family time. Set a specific time for students to get ready for bed. Have them pick out clothes for the next day and have everything ready for school the night before. This also helps with the crazy rush of the morning routine.
Weekends are for family.
Friday is the start of the weekend but shouldn’t be different from any other day of the week. All homework should be completed after school so the weekend is left specifically for family time. Weekends are a time to go to the park, see a movie, take a day trip and take the mind off the stress of the weekdays. Sunday night should be utilized for a quick prep and refresh for the week of any schoolwork and a nice movie to end the weekend.
PROVIDE A MESSAGE OF HOPE
You and your child can help Eye Level provide support to schools in the impacted areas of the storm. It's easy for a student to get involved and send a message of hope to students and families that have been affected by Hurricane Harvey.
HOW TO PARTICIPATE
Download our drawing template by visiting myeyelevel.com or our Facebook page. Then have your child draw a picture and write a few sentences about one of two topics:
- A period in his/her life when he/she went through a difficult time and overcame
- A message of hope for children and families affected by the hurricane
Once finished, upload a picture of your child’s drawing to the Eye Level Facebook event page titled “Help Students Affected by Hurricane Harvey” and a donation will be made by Eye Level to help support classrooms in the affected areas. For every child's drawing shared on our Eye Level Facebook event page, Eye Level will donate $10 (up to $10,000) to Donors Choose (www.donorschoose.org/hurricane-harvey).
From Donors Choose's website: "100% of donations to the [Donors Choose] Hurricane Harvey Recovery Fund will support classroom projects from schools impacted by the storm."
Drawings must be shared on the Eye Level event page between now and September 30th. If you have any trouble uploading the picture of your drawing to the Facebook event page, you can email it to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
WHAT IS THE EYE LEVEL MATH OLYMPIAD?
The Eye Level Math Olympiad is an annual, global math contest that began in 2004. Eye Level members and non-Eye Level members from around the world participate each year. The test is held each November, and the number of participants continues to grow
OBJECTIVE AND SCIENTIFIC QUESTIONS
Eye Level Math Olympiad is a test designed to challenge students’ math skills in a variety of areas including problem solving, reasoning, communication, and critical thinking.
This global test inspires students to strive towards higher goals in their Eye Level studies. The Math Olympiad is available to all students—one does not need to be enrolled at an Eye Level to participate—and aims to promote and motivate students of all skill levels from around the world.
PRIZES AND AWARDS *USA and Canada Only
Gold - $300 (8 winners)
Silver - $200 (8 winners)
Bronze - $100 (8 winners)
HOW TO REGISTER AND ELIGIBILITY
- Eligibility: 2nd – 9th grade
- Registration: online only at olympiadusa.myeyelevel.com
- Registration Dates: August 1st through October 15th
- Registration Fee: $20 for Eye Level members and $30 for non-members
DATE AND TEST LOCATION
- Test Date: Saturday, November 4, 2017
- The test will be held in different locations around the U.S.A. and Canada
- Registration Dates: August 1st through October 15th
- The detailed list of venues will be released July 2017 at olympiadusa.myeyelevel.com
PRACTICE MATH OLYMPIAD
An Eye Level Learning Center near you may be holding a Practice Math Olympiad! This is a great way to help your child prepare. Contact your local center to find out if they will be offering the practice test.
Practice tests can also be picked up from Eye Level Learning Centers or downloaded online at myeyelevel.com.